Operative Vaginal Delivery Extracted from Survival Guide to Midwifery, 2nd Edition (2012) Diane M. Fraser and Margaret A. Cooper, Oxford; Churchill Livingstone: 2012. Courtesy Elsevier Assisted or operative (instrumental) vaginal delivery is used when the mother is unable to give birth without medical or surgical assistance. Assisted vaginal birth is a widely practised intervention, accounting […]

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